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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Goddard Space Flight Center


Fire Energetics and Emissions Research

FEER Updates


01.Feb.2017 - Updated getMODFIREdata and getFEERdata scripts.

14.Dec.2016 - Biomass burning land cover product description uploaded.

10.Nov.2016 - Expanded and enhanced the Northern Sub-Saharan Africa Project homepage.

13.Oct.2016 - Global MODIS Fires Google Earth product restored and enhanced.



Gatebe, C. K., and King, M. D. (2016). Airborne spectral BRDF of various surface types (ocean, vegetation, snow, desert, wetlands, cloud decks, smoke layers) for remote sensing applications. Remote Sensing of Environment, 179, 131–148. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.03.029

Giglio, L., Schroeder, W., and Justice, C. O. (2016). The collection 6 MODIS active fire detection algorithm and fire products. Remote Sensing of Environment, 178, 31–41. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2016.02.054

Good, P., Harper, A., Meesters, A., Robertson, E., and Betts, R. (2016). Are strong fire–vegetation feedbacks needed to explain the spatial distribution of tropical tree cover? Global Ecology and Biogeography, 25(1), 16–25. doi:10.1111/geb.12380

Roy, D. P., and Kumar, S. S. (2016). Multi-year MODIS active fire type classification over the Brazilian Tropical Moist Forest Biome. International Journal of Digital Earth, 1–31. doi:10.1080/17538947.2016.1208686

Sreenivas, G., Mahesh, P., Subin, J., Kanchana, A. L., Rao, P. V. N., and Dadhwal, V. K. (2016). Influence of Meteorology and interrelationship with greenhouse gases (CO2 and CH4) at a suburban site of India. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 16(6), 3953–3967. doi:10.5194/acp-16-3953-2016


Darmenov, A. S., and da Silva, A. (2015). The Quick Fire Emissions Dataset (QFED): Documentation of versions 2.1, 2.2 and 2.4. (R. D. Koster, Ed.) (Vol. 38). USA.

Giglio, L. (2015). MODIS Collection 6 Active Fire Product User’s Guide (A.).

Oliva, P., and Schroeder, W. (2015). Atmospheric correction of VIIRS and MODIS fire radiative power retrievals for multi-sensor comparison. In 2015 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS) (pp. 2038–2040). IEEE. doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2015.7326200

Pereira, J. M. C., Oom, D., Pereira, P., Turkman, A. A., and Turkman, K. F. (2015). Religious Affiliation Modulates Weekly Cycles of Cropland Burning in Sub-Saharan Africa. (P. Anglewicz, Ed.)PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0139189. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0139189

Solomos, S., Amiridis, V., Zanis, P., Gerasopoulos, E., Sofiou, F. I., Herekakis, T., … Kontoes, C. (2015). Smoke dispersion modeling over complex terrain using high resolution meteorological data and satellite observations – The FireHub platform. Atmospheric Environment, 119, 348–361. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2015.08.066

Tosca, M. G., Diner, D. J., Garay, M. J., and Kalashnikova, O. V. (2015). Human-caused fires limit convection in tropical Africa: First temporal observations and attribution. Geophysical Research Letters, 42(15), 6492–6501. doi:10.1002/2015GL065063


Andela, N., and van der Werf, G. R. (2014). Recent trends in African fires driven by cropland expansion and El Niño to La Niña transition. Nature Climate Change, 4(9), 791–795. doi:10.1038/nclimate2313

Csiszar, I., Schroeder, W., Giglio, L., Ellicott, E., Vadrevu, K. P., Justice, C. O., and Wind, B. (2014). Active fires from the Suomi NPP Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite: Product status and first evaluation results. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(2), 803–816. doi:10.1002/2013JD020453

Estes, L. D., Chaney, N. W., Herrera-Estrada, J., Sheffield, J., Caylor, K. K., and Wood, E. F. (2014). Changing water availability during the African maize-growing season, 1979–2010. Environmental Research Letters, 9(7), 75005. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/7/075005

Freeborn, P. H., Wooster, M. J., Roy, D. P., and Cochrane, M. A. (2014). Quantification of MODIS fire radiative power (FRP) measurement uncertainty for use in satellite-based active fire characterization and biomass burning estimation. Geophysical Research Letters, 41(6), 1988–1994. doi:10.1002/2013GL059086

Ge, C., Wang, J., and Reid, J. S. (2014). Mesoscale modeling of smoke transport over the Southeast Asian maritime continent: Coupling of smoke direct radiative effect below and above the low-level clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 159–174. doi:10.5194/acp-14-159-2014

Le Quéré, C., Moriarty, R., Andrew, R. M., Peters, G. P., Ciais, P., Friedlingstein, P., … Zeng, N. (2014). Global carbon budget 2014. Earth System Science Data Discussions, 7(2), 521–610. doi:10.5194/essdd-7-521-2014

Liousse, C., Assamoi, E., Criqui, P., Granier, C., and Rosset, R. (2014). Explosive growth in African combustion emissions from 2005 to 2030. Environmental Research Letters, 9(3), 35003. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/9/3/035003

Livingston, J. M., Redemann, J., Shinozuka, Y., Johnson, R., Russell, P. B., Zhang, Q., … Ramachandran, S. (2014). Comparison of MODIS 3 km and 10 km resolution aerosol optical depth retrievals over land with airborne sunphotometer measurements during ARCTAS summer 2008. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 2015–2038. doi:10.5194/acp-14-2015-2014

Schroeder, W., Ellicott, E., Ichoku, C., Ellison, L., Dickinson, M. B., Ottmar, R. D., … Kremens, R. (2014). Integrated active fire retrievals and biomass burning emissions using complementary near-coincident ground, airborne and spaceborne sensor data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 140, 719–730. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.10.010

Tosca, M. G., Diner, D. J., Garay, M. J., and Kalashnikova, O. V. (2014). Observational evidence of fire-driven reduction of cloud fraction in tropical Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119. doi:10.1002/2014JD021759

van Leeuwen, T. T., van der Werf, G. R., Hoffmann, A. A., Detmers, R. G., Rücker, G., French, N. H. F., … Trollope, W. S. W. (2014). Biomass burning fuel consumption rates: a field measurement database. Biogeosciences, 11(24), 7305–7329. doi:10.5194/bg-11-7305-2014


Bond, T. C., Doherty, S. J., Fahey, D. W., Forster, P. M., Berntsen, T., DeAngelo, B. J., … Zender, C. S. (2013). Bounding the role of black carbon in the climate system: A scientific assessment. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(11), 5380–5552. doi:10.1002/jgrd.50171

Carslaw, K. S., Lee, L. A., Reddington, C. L., Pringle, K. J., Rap, A., Forster, P. M., … Pierce, J. R. (2013). Large contribution of natural aerosols to uncertainty in indirect forcing. Nature, 503, 67–71. doi:10.1038/nature12674

Diaz, M., and Aiyyer, A. (2013). Energy Dispersion in African Easterly Waves. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 70(1), 130–145. doi:10.1175/JAS-D-12-019.1

Giglio, L. (2013). MODIS Collection 5 Active Fire Product User’s Guide (2.5.).

Hyer, E. J., Reid, J. S., Prins, E. M., Hoffman, J. P., Schmidt, C. C., Miettinen, J. I., and Giglio, L. (2013). Patterns of fire activity over Indonesia and Malaysia from polar and geostationary satellite observations. Atmospheric Research, 122, 504–519. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.06.011

Nelson, D., Garay, M., Kahn, R., and Dunst, B. (2013). Stereoscopic Height and Wind Retrievals for Aerosol Plumes with the MISR INteractive eXplorer (MINX). Remote Sensing, 5(9), 4593–4628. doi:10.3390/rs5094593

Peterson, D., Hyer, E., and Wang, J. (2013). A short-term predictor of satellite-observed fire activity in the North American boreal forest: Toward improving the prediction of smoke emissions. Atmospheric Environment, 71, 304–310. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.01.052

Peterson, D., and Wang, J. (2013). A sub-pixel-based calculation of fire radiative power from MODIS observations: 2. Sensitivity analysis and potential fire weather application. Remote Sensing of Environment, 129, 231–249. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2012.10.020

Smith, M. D., van Wilgen, B. W., Burns, C. E., Govender, N., Potgieter, A. L. F., Andelman, S., … Trollope, W. S. W. (2013). Long-term effects of fire frequency and season on herbaceous vegetation in savannas of the Kruger National Park, South Africa. Journal of Plant Ecology, 6(1), 71–83. doi:10.1093/jpe/rts014

Spyrou, C., Kallos, G., Mitsakou, C., Athanasiadis, P., Kalogeri, C., and Iacono, M. J. (2013). Modeling the radiative effects of desert dust on weather and regional climate. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 5489–5504. doi:10.5194/acp-13-5489-2013

Stier, P., Schutgens, N. A. J., Bellouin, N., Bian, H., Boucher, O., Chin, M., … Zhou, C. (2013). Host model uncertainties in aerosol radiative forcing estimates: Results from the AeroCom Prescribed intercomparison study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 3245–3270. doi:10.5194/acp-13-3245-2013

Wang, J., Ge, C., Yang, Z., Hyer, E. J., Reid, J. S., Chew, B. N., … Zhang, M. (2013). Mesoscale modeling of smoke transport over the Southeast Asian Maritime Continent: Interplay of sea breeze, trade wind, typhoon, and topography. Atmospheric Research, 122, 486–503. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.05.009

Yang, Z., Wang, J., Ichoku, C., Hyer, E., and Zeng, J. (2013). Mesoscale modeling and satellite observation of transport and mixing of smoke and dust particles over northern sub-Saharan African region. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 118(21), 12139–12157. doi:10.1002/2013JD020644


Andres, R. J., Boden, T. A., Bréon, F. M., Ciais, P., Davis, S., Erickson, D., … Treanton, K. (2012). A synthesis of carbon dioxide emissions from fossil-fuel combustion. Biogeosciences, 9, 1845–1871. doi:10.5194/bg-9-1845-2012

Beilfuss, R. (2012). A Risky Climate for Southern African Hydro: Assessing hydrological risks and consequences for Zambezi River Basin dams. Berkeley, CA, USA: International Rivers.

Diehl, T., Heil, A., Chin, M., Pan, X., Streets, D., Schultz, M., and Kinne, S. (2012). Anthropogenic, biomass burning, and volcanic emissions of black carbon, organic carbon, and SO2 from 1980 to 2010 for hindcast model experiments. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 12, 24895–24954. doi:10.5194/acpd-12-24895-2012

Fu, J. S., Hsu, N. C., Gao, Y., Huang, K., Li, C., Lin, N. H., and Tsay, S. C. (2012). Evaluating the influences of biomass burning during 2006 BASE-ASIA: A regional chemical transport modeling. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 3837–3855. doi:10.5194/acp-12-3837-2012

Gatebe, C. K., Varnai, T., Poudyal, R., Ichoku, C., and King, M. D. (2012). Taking the pulse of pyrocumulus clouds. Atmospheric Environment, 52, 121–130. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.01.045

Hsu, N. C., Gautam, R., Sayer, A. M., Bettenhausen, C., Li, C., Jeong, M. J., … Holben, B. N. (2012). Global and regional trends of aerosol optical depth over land and ocean using SeaWiFS measurements from 1997 to 2010. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 8037–8053. doi:10.5194/acp-12-8037-2012

Hyer, E., Wang, J., and Arellano, A. (2012). Biomass Burning: Observations, Modeling, and Data Assimilation. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93(1), ES10-ES14. doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00064.1

Ichoku, C., Kahn, R., and Chin, M. (2012). Satellite contributions to the quantitative characterization of biomass burning for climate modeling. Atmospheric Research, 111, 1–28. doi:10.1016/j.atmosres.2012.03.007

Kaiser, J. W., Heil, A., Andreae, M. O., Benedetti, A., Chubarova, N., Jones, L., … van der Werf, G. R. (2012). Biomass burning emissions estimated with a global fire assimilation system based on observed fire radiative power. Biogeosciences, 9(1), 527–554. doi:10.5194/bg-9-527-2012

Lemoalle, J., Bader, J. C., Leblanc, M., and Sedick, A. (2012). Recent changes in Lake Chad: Observations, simulations and management options (1973-2011). Global and Planetary Change, 80–81, 247–254. doi:10.1016/j.gloplacha.2011.07.004

Losada, T., Rodriguez-Fonseca, B., Mohino, E., Bader, J., Janicot, S., and Mechoso, C. R. (2012). Tropical SST and Sahel rainfall: A non-stationary relationship. Geophysical Research Letters, 39(12). doi:10.1029/2012GL052423

Ma, P.-L., Zhang, K., Shi, J. J., Matsui, T., and Arking, A. (2012). Direct radiative effect of mineral dust on the development of African easterly waves in late summer, 2003-07. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51(12), 2090–2104. doi:10.1175/JAMC-D-11-0215.1

Mason, D. C., Davenport, I. J., Neal, J. C., Schumann, G. J.-P., and Bates, P. D. (2012). Near Real-Time Flood Detection in Urban and Rural Areas Using High-Resolution Synthetic Aperture Radar Images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50(8), 3041–3052. doi:10.1109/TGRS.2011.2178030

Peterson, D. (2012). Retrieval of Sub-Pixel-Based Fire Intensity and its Application for Characterizing Smoke Injection Heights and Fire Weather in North America. University of Nebraska - Lincoln.

Petrenko, M., Kahn, R., Chin, M., Soja, A., and Kucsera, T. (2012). The use of satellite-measured aerosol optical depth to constrain biomass burning emissions source strength in the global model GOCART. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D18), D18212. doi:10.1029/2012JD017870

Solmon, F., Elguindi, N., and Mallet, M. (2012). Radiative and climatic effects of dust over West Africa, as simulated by a regional climate model. Climate Research, 52, 97–113. doi:10.3354/cr01039

Tyner, B., and Aiyyer, A. (2012). Evolution of African Easterly Waves in Potential Vorticity Fields. Monthly Weather Review, 140(11), 3634–3652. doi:10.1175/MWR-D-11-00170.1

Val Martin, M., Kahn, R. a., Logan, J. a., Paugam, R., Wooster, M., and Ichoku, C. (2012). Space-based observational constraints for 1-D fire smoke plume-rise models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D22), D22204. doi:10.1029/2012JD018370

Wilcox, E. M. (2012). Direct and semi-direct radiative forcing of smoke aerosols over clouds. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 139–149. doi:10.5194/acp-12-139-2012

Zhang, X., Kondragunta, S., Ram, J., Schmidt, C., and Huang, H.-C. (2012). Near-real-time global biomass burning emissions product from geostationary satellite constellation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117(D14), D14201. doi:10.1029/2012JD017459

Zuluaga, M. D., Webster, P. J., and Hoyos, C. D. (2012). Variability of aerosols in the tropical Atlantic Ocean relative to African Easterly Waves and their relationship with atmospheric and oceanic environments. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 117(D16). doi:10.1029/2011JD017181


Akagi, S. K., Yokelson, R. J., Wiedinmyer, C., Alvarado, M. J., Reid, J. S., Karl, T., … Wennberg, P. O. (2011). Emission factors for open and domestic biomass burning for use in atmospheric models. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11(9), 4039–4072. doi:10.5194/acp-11-4039-2011

Fontaine, B., Roucou, P., Gaetani, M., and Marteau, R. (2011). Recent changes in precipitation, ITCZ convection and northern tropical circulation over North Africa (1979-2007). International Journal of Climatology, 31(5), 633–648. doi:10.1002/joc.2108

Freeborn, P. H., Wooster, M. J., and Roberts, G. (2011). Addressing the spatiotemporal sampling design of MODIS to provide estimates of the fire radiative energy emitted from Africa. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115(2), 475–489. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2010.09.017

Gao, H., Bohn, T. J., Podest, E., McDonald, K. C., and Lettenmaier, D. P. (2011). On the causes of the shrinking of Lake Chad. Environmental Research Letters, 6(3). doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/3/034021

Kumar, S. S., Roy, D. P., Boschetti, L., and Kremens, R. (2011). Exploiting the power law distribution properties of satellite fire radiative power retrievals: A method to estimate fire radiative energy and biomass burned from sparse satellite observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D19), D19303. doi:10.1029/2011JD015676

Leblanc, M., Lemoalle, J., Bader, J.-C., Tweed, S., and Mofor, L. (2011). Thermal remote sensing of water under flooded vegetation: New observations of inundation patterns for the “Small” Lake Chad. Journal of Hydrology, 404(1–2), 87–98. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2011.04.023

Matgen, P., Hostache, R., Schumann, G., Pfister, L., Hoffmann, L., and Savenije, H. H. G. (2011). Towards an automated SAR-based flood monitoring system: Lessons learned from two case studies. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 36(7–8), 241–252. doi:10.1016/j.pce.2010.12.009

Ming, Y., and Ramaswamy, V. (2011). A Model Investigation of Aerosol-Induced Changes in Tropical Circulation. Journal of Climate, 24(19), 5125–5133. doi:10.1175/2011JCLI4108.1

Mu, M., Randerson, J. T., van der Werf, G. R., Giglio, L., Kasibhatla, P., Morton, D., … Wennberg, P. O. (2011). Daily and 3-hourly variability in global fire emissions and consequences for atmospheric model predictions of carbon monoxide. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D24), D24303. doi:10.1029/2011JD016245

Polo, I., Ullmann, A., Roucou, P., and Fontaine, B. (2011). Weather Regimes in the Euro-Atlantic and Mediterranean Sector, and Relationship with West African Rainfall over the 1989–2008 Period from a Self-Organizing Maps Approach. Journal of Climate, 24(13), 3423–3432. doi:10.1175/2011JCLI3622.1

Reale, O., Lau, K. M., and da Silva, A. (2011). Impact of Interactive Aerosol on the African Easterly Jet in the NASA GEOS-5 Global Forecasting System. Weather and Forecasting, 26(4), 504–519. doi:10.1175/WAF-D-10-05025.1

Rienecker, M. M., Suarez, M. J., Gelaro, R., Todling, R., Bacmeister, J., Liu, E., … Woollen, J. (2011). MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications. Journal of Climate, 24(14), 3624–3648. doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00015.1

Roberts, G., Wooster, M. J., Freeborn, P. H., and Xu, W. (2011). Integration of geostationary FRP and polar-orbiter burned area datasets for an enhanced biomass burning inventory. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115(8), 2047–2061. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.006

Román, M. O., Gatebe, C. K., Schaaf, C. B., Poudyal, R., Wang, Z., and King, M. D. (2011). Variability in surface BRDF at different spatial scales (30m-500m) over a mixed agricultural landscape as retrieved from airborne and satellite spectral measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115(9), 2184–2203. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.012

Sakaeda, N., Wood, R., and Rasch, P. J. (2011). Direct and semidirect aerosol effects of southern African biomass burning aerosol. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116(D12), D12205. doi:10.1029/2010JD015540

Schumann, G. J.-P., Neal, J. C., Mason, D. C., and Bates, P. D. (2011). The accuracy of sequential aerial photography and SAR data for observing urban flood dynamics, a case study of the UK summer 2007 floods. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115(10), 2536–2546. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2011.04.039

Urbanski, S. P., Hao, W. M., and Nordgren, B. (2011). The wildland fire emission inventory: Western United States emission estimates and an evaluation of uncertainty. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 12973–13000. doi:10.5194/acp-11-12973-2011

van Donkelaar, A., Martin, R. V., Levy, R. C., da Silva, A. M., Krzyzanowski, M., Chubarova, N. E., … Cohen, A. J. (2011). Satellite-based estimates of ground-level fine particulate matter during extreme events: A case study of the Moscow fires in 2010. Atmospheric Environment, 45(34), 6225–6232. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.07.068

Wiedinmyer, C., Akagi, S. K., Yokelson, R. J., Emmons, L. K., Al-Saadi, J. a., Orlando, J. J., and Soja, a. J. (2011). The Fire INventory from NCAR (FINN): a high resolution global model to estimate the emissions from open burning. Geoscientific Model Development, 4(3), 625–641. doi:10.5194/gmd-4-625-2011

Williams, A. P., and Funk, C. (2011). A westward extension of the warm pool leads to a westward extension of the Walker circulation, drying eastern Africa. Climate Dynamics, 37(11–12), 2417–2435. doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0984-y

Yokelson, R. J., Burling, I. R., Urbanski, S. P., Atlas, E. L., Adachi, K., Buseck, P. R., … Wold, C. E. (2011). Trace gas and particle emissions from open biomass burning in Mexico. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 6787–6808. doi:10.5194/acp-11-6787-2011

Yurganov, L. N., Rakitin, V., Dzhola, A., August, T., Fokeeva, E., George, M., … Strow, L. (2011). Satellite- and ground-based CO total column observations over 2010 Russian fires: Accuracy of top-down estimates based on thermal IR satellite data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 7925–7942. doi:10.5194/acp-11-7925-2011


Caminade, C., and Terray, L. (2010). Twentieth century Sahel rainfall variability as simulated by the ARPEGE AGCM, and future changes. Climate Dynamics, 35(1), 75–94. doi:10.1007/s00382-009-0545-4

Friedl, M. A., Sulla-Menashe, D., Tan, B., Schneider, A., Ramankutty, N., Sibley, A., and Huang, X. (2010). MODIS Collection 5 global land cover: Algorithm refinements and characterization of new datasets. Remote Sensing of Environment, 114(1), 168–182. doi:10.1016/j.rse.2009.08.016

Geerken, R., Vassolo, S., and Bila, M. (2010). Impacts of climate variability and population pressure on water resources in the Lake Chad Basin. In Conference of the Global Catchment Initiative (pp. 27–33).

Govaerts, Y., Wooster, M., Freeborn, P., Lattanzio, A., and Roberts, G. (2010). Algorithm Theoretical Basis Document for MSG SEVIRI Fire Radiative Power (FRP) Characterisation (2.6.).

Heil, A., Kaiser, J. W., van der Werf, G. R., Wooster, M. J., Schultz, M. G., and van der Gon, H. D. (2010). Assessment of the Real-Time Fire Emissions (GFASv0) by MACC. Reading, England.

Henderson, S. B., Ichoku, C., Burkholder, B. J., Brauer, M., and Jackson, P. L. (2010). The validity and utility of MODIS data for simple estimation of area burned and aerosols emitted by wildfire events. International Journal of Wildland Fire, 19(7), 844. doi:10.1071/WF09027

Jury, M. R., and Santiago, M. J. (2010). Composite analysis of dust impacts on African easterly waves in the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer era. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 115(D16). doi:10.1029/2009JD013612

Kim, K. M., Lau, W. K.-M., Sud, Y. C., and Walker, G. K. (2010). Influence of aerosol-radiative forcings on the diurnal and seasonal cycles of rainfall over West Africa and Eastern Atlantic Ocean using GCM simulations. Climate Dynamics, 35(1), 115–126. doi:10.1007/s00382-010-0750-1

Labat, D. (2010). Cross wavelet analyses of annual continental freshwater discharge and selected climate indices. Journal of Hydrology, 385(1–4), 269–278. doi:10.1016/j.jhydrol.2010.02.029

Lattanzio, A., Wooster, M., and Freeborn, P. (2010). Product User Manual Fire Radiative Power (1.5.).

Levy, R. C., Remer, L. a., Kleidman, R. G., Mattoo, S., Ichoku, C., Kahn, R., and Eck, T. F. (2010). Global evaluation of the Collection 5 MODIS dark-target aerosol products over land. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(21), 10399–10420. doi:10.5194/acp-10-10399-2010

Liousse, C., Guillaume, B., Grégoire, J. M., Mallet, M., Galy, C., Pont, V., … Van Velthoven, P. (2010). Updated African biomass burning emission inventories in the framework of the AMMA-IDAF program, with an evaluation of combustion aerosols. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(19), 9631–9646. doi:10.5194/acp-10-9631-2010

Oursingbé, M., and Zhonghua, T. (2010). Recharge of the Quaternary Aquifer of Lake Chad Basin Estimated from Oxygen-18 (18O) and Tritium (3H) Isotopes. Journal of American Science, 6(9), 283–292.

Randles, C. A., and Ramaswamy, V. (2010). Direct and semi-direct impacts of absorbing biomass burning aerosol on the climate of southern Africa: A Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory GCM sensitivity study. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 9819–9831. doi:10.5194/acp-10-9819-2010

Schroeder, W., Csiszar, I., Giglio, L., Ellicott, E., Schmidt, C. C., Hoffman, J. P., and Lindstrom, S. (2010). Early characterization of the active fire detection products derived from the next generation NPOESS/VIIRS and GOES-R/ABI instruments. In 2010 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (pp. 2683–2686). IEEE. doi:10.1109/IGARSS.2010.5650863

Schroeder, W., Csiszar, I., Giglio, L., and Schmidt, C. C. (2010). On the use of fire radiative power, area, and temperature estimates to characterize biomass burning via moderate to coarse spatial resolution remote sensing data in the Brazilian Amazon. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(D21), D21121. doi:10.1029/2009JD013769

Stroppiana, D., Brivio, P. a., Grégoire, J.-M., Liousse, C., Guillaume, B., Granier, C., … Pétron, G. (2010). Comparison of global inventories of CO emissions from biomass burning derived from remotely sensed data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(24), 12173–12189. doi:10.5194/acp-10-12173-2010

Val Martin, M., Logan, J. a., Kahn, R. a., Leung, F.-Y., Nelson, D. L., and Diner, D. J. (2010). Smoke injection heights from fires in North America: analysis of 5 years of satellite observations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10(4), 1491–1510. doi:10.5194/acp-10-1491-2010

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